Mental health disorders (MHDs) affect one in four people at some stage during their lifetime. Thus, it is a condition that may affect all of us.
Chronic pain – a complex phenomenon – can cause emotional distress which can negatively impact on biological and behavioural reactions, that, in turn, may adversely affect the patient’s mood.
Pain in paediatric patients is associated with stress and worse medical outcome. Its assessment can be challenging, especially among the youngest (<4 years old) who have not yet developed the language ability to clearly report and quantify the degree of their pain.